Earlier this week, I shared a map showing China's deserts encroaching on the current capital, Beijing. The Chinese government recently announced plans for a secondary "capital" two hours south of Beijing. The newly-created city of Xiongan will be twice the size of NYC, and planners hope many of Beijing's universities and businesses (and their attendant people and traffic) will move to Xiongan.
Beijing was declared the capital of China by the People's Republic in 1949, but Beijing, while always a seat of power, has not always been China's capital. The name Beijing means "northern capital," to distinguish it from Nanjing, which has also been China's capital and means "southern capital." Xi'an (also known as Chang'an and now famous as the home of the Terracotta Army) served as China's capital for longer than any other city, more than 1,000 years. This map shows major historic capitals of China. upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Historicalcapitalsofchina_ancient.png/800px-Historicalcapitalsofchina_ancient.png
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