Why teach philosophy to children? In addition to engaging kids in critical thinking and self-expression, it turns out exposure to philosophical inquiry improves math and literacy levels too. A study in the UK, involving 46 schools and more than 3,000 students, has found that 9- and 10-year-olds who had a 40-minute class once a week reflecting on and then discussing truth, friendship, justice, etc. (based on film clips and readings of stories and poems, not snippets of Plato or Kant) not only improved their cognitive abilities, self-confidence, and ability to listen to others, they also made strides in math and literacy -- equivalent to two months of extra teaching! -- even though the class was not designed to improve either math or literacy skills. Students from disadvantaged backgrounds saw the biggest gains, equivalent to four months of extra teaching in reading and three months in math. To learn more about the P4C (Philosophy for Children) program, see https://p4c.com/ To read about the study, see qz.com/635002/teaching-kids-philosophy-makes-them-smarter-in-math-and-english/
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